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With respect to the rapid and permanent drainage above a landfill base seal very coarse-grained materials are used today for the drainage layer. The mechanical protection of the geomembrane against impermissible loads, such as per­forations and deformations of the surface resulting from punctate pressure loads, can especially be provided by specifically developed geotextile protection layers. This paper gives a summary of the experience gained in several years of examina-. tions. Furtheron, indications _for the selection of the protection system at different loads, which have to be expected in a landfill, are supplied. In Germany at least, new protection systems will probably be preferred when extreme landfill heights are expected. These new protection systems are also described in this paper.